Architecture And Arts - about georgia

Georgian architecture has been influenced by many civilizations. There are several different architectural styles for castles, towers, other fortifications, and churches. The Upper Svaneti fortifications, and the castle town of Shatili in Khevsureti, are some of the finest examples of medieval Georgian castle architecture. Other significant architectural aspects of Georgia include Rustaveli avenue in Tbilisi in the Hausmann style, and the Old Town District.

Georgian ecclesiastic art is one of the most notable aspects of Georgian Christian architecture, which combines the classical dome style with the original basilica style, forming what is known as the Georgian cross-dome style. Cross-dome architecture developed in Georgia during the 9th century; before that, most Georgian churches were basilicas. Other examples of Georgian ecclesiastic architecture can be found outside Georgia: Bachkovo Monastery in Bulgaria (built in 1083 by the Georgian military commander Grigorii Bakuriani), Iviron monastery in Greece (built by Georgians in the 10th century), and the Monastery of the Cross in Jerusalem (built by Georgians in the 9th century).

The art of Georgia spans the prehistoric, the ancient Greek, Roman, medieval, ecclesiastic, iconic and modern visual arts. One of the most famous late 19th/early 20th century Georgian artists was primitivist painter Niko Pirosmani.

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Capital:
Tbilisi
Official languages:
Georgian
Demonym:
Georgian
Legislature:
Parliament
Area:
69,420 km ²
Population:
3,720,400
GDP (PPP):
$37.27 billion
Currency:
Georgian Lari (GEL)
Time zone:
GET (UTC+4)
Antipodes:
Pacific Ocean
Drives on the:
Right
Calling code:
+995
ISO 3166 code:
GE
Internet TLD:
.ge .გე